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THE 1838 CENSUS

The 1838 Census was funded by the Pennsylvania Abolition Society (PAS) and collected, processed and analyzed by Charles Gardner and Benjamin Bacon. While the PAS had previously collected statistics, we believe this is the first time they partnered with a leader in the Black community - Charles Gardner, Pastor of the First African Presbyterian Church.  That partnership made a difference and translated to questions about manumission and price paid for freedom that only a trusted census taker could ask.   

As far we know, this is the first time Black people led the collection of their own statistics in the United States. 

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APPRECIATIONS

We are appreciative to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania for permission to show the census. 

 

To cite this work please use the following language:
"Committee to visit the Colored People" census facts collected by Benjamin C. Bacon and Charles Gardner [Ams .133] 1838. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Abolition Society papers [0490].

"Committee to visit the Colored People" analysis of census facts collected by Benjamin C. Bacon and Charles Gardner [AmS
.134] 1838. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Abolition Society papers [0490].

VOLUME 1
James Forten
Lombard Street 114
Sailmaker

An Ancestor from Page 34

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VOLUME 2
Maria Gustus
Little Pine Street
Service

An Ancestor from Page 18

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VOLUME 3
Mento Glover
Adam Street
Barber

An Ancestor from Page 98

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VOLUME 4
James Bias
2 Acorn Alley
Dentist

An Ancestor from Page 32

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ANALYSIS VOLUME
 
1 Botanic Physician

A Cool Occupation from Page 18

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